Earth Day Flag, created by John McConnell
In the final chapter of The Crucified God
(“Ways towards the Political Liberation of Man”), Jürgen Moltmann explores liberation from what he calls “vicious circles of death” in five interrelated dimensions: 1) the vicious circle of poverty, 2) the vicious circle of force, 3) the vicious circle of racial and political alienation, 4) the vicious circle of the industrial pollution of nature, and 5) the vicious circle of senselessness and godforsakenness.
Concern for the rights of the humiliated peoples in our world is not made complete without concern for the rights of the earth. We must stop seeing nature as something which we should either control (which we tend to do economically) or be liberated from (which we tend to do in our largely escapist spirituality). Instead, we must see ourselves as part of creation and enter into a peaceful cooperation with it. Moltmann describes the path toward our liberation together with nature this way:
In the relationship of society to nature, liberation from the vicious circle of the industrial pollution of nature means peace with nature. No liberation of men from economic distress, political oppression and human alienation will succeed which does not free nature from inhuman exploitation and which does not satisfy nature. As far as we can see today, only a radical change of the relationship of man to nature will get us out of the ecological crisis. The models of self-liberation from nature and domination of it by exploitation lead to the ecological death of nature and humanity. They must therefore be replaced by new models of co-operation with nature. The relationship of working man to nature is not a master-servant relationship but a relationship of intercomminication which pays respect to the circumstances. Nature is not an object of man’s environment, and in this has its own rights and equilibria. Therefore men must exchange their apathetic and often hostile domination over nature for a sympathetic relationship of partnership with the natural world. The hominization of nature in the sphere of human control only leads to the humanization of man when the latter are also ‘naturalized’. Therefore the long phase of the liberation of man from nature in his ‘struggle for existence’ must be replaced by a phase of the liberation of nature from inhumanity for the sake of ‘peace in existence’. To the degree that the transition from an orientation on economic and ecological values and from an increase in the quantity of life to an appreciation of the quality of life, and thus from the possession of nature to the joy of existing in it can overcome the ecological crisis, peace with nature is the symbol of the liberation of man from this vicious circle.
(The Crucified God, 334)
Thomas F. Torrance (TFT) was one of the greatest Protestant theologians of the second half of the 20th century. I’ve still not read much by him directly, though I’ve long appreciated him for his involvement in the English Translation of Karl Barth’s Church Dogmatics…. However, others have introduced me to some of his ideas, and I like what I’ve seen so far!
Last week I shared some audio lectures by Jürgen Moltmann and Karl Barth that I discovered are freely available via the media archives on Princeton Theological Seminary’s website. I was also thrilled to find that there is also an extensive library of TFT audio available over there, which I look forward to digging into during my long commutes. Below is a listing with links to what I found, plus MP3 mirror files hosted here.*
Enjoy! Continue reading
Apparently, the theme here on Moltmanniac this week is Moltmann audio (see here, here, and here)!
In October 2001, Jürgen Moltmann delivered a series of lectures at Nazarene Theological Seminary. I became aware of them a while back because several blog posts and pages (like this one) linked to the media files… but by the time I got to them, the links were dead! When I contacted NTS about the possibility of finding these files, I was informed that they were forever lost…. However, I could obtain cassette tapes from their library. This week, I’ve been working on digitizing these tapes, which you can now listen to below or download. I’ve spot checked some of this audio, but have not listened to it all yet. If you find any issues with the files please let me know! Continue reading
I learned today (via Tony Jones) that Jürgen Moltmann will be at the 2015 American Academy of Religion Meeting in Atlanta.
If you are unable to make it to this year’s Karl Barth Conference to hear him speak, here is one more opportunity! I’ll share more details about Moltmann’s involvement in this event as I become aware of them.
I’ve discovered three more Jürgen Moltmann lectures* that are available free via Princeton Theological Seminary. The first two are from the year Moltmann spent in America after the publication of Theology of Hope in English, and the other corresponds to the publication of The Crucified God. Enjoy!
Yesterday I shared some audio from Princeton Theological Seminary from when professor Moltmann delivered his historic Warfield lectures in 1979 on the Trinity. A few years earlier (1976), he delivered a different series of lectures at PTS on a variety of topics that are also available for free download. I’ve started listening to the audio from both collections – the quality is very good, and it has been a delight to hear for the first time a much younger Moltmann (easily 30 years younger than in any other lecture I’ve heard). I’m finding these to be unusually engaging for academic theology lectures. He is witty and even self depreciating at points, and (judging from the laughter) he clearly had the audience on the edge of their seats despite his German English.
I am listing the lectures from this series below, with links to the original source, direct MP3 mirror links hosted here (just in case!), and also as embedded media for easy access. Enjoy! Continue reading
Today I contacted Princeton Theological Seminary about purchasing digital copies of the lectures that Moltmann gave in October 1979 on the Trinity (these lectures form the basis for some of the chapters in The Trinity and the Kingdom), and was advised that these audio files are now offered FREE OF CHARGE. Continue reading